Guide How green is the city?: sustainability assessment and the management of urban environments

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Green is the City?: Sustainability Assessment and the Management of Urban Environments Examining Progress in the Santa Monicas Sustainable City.
Table of contents

Name of the country where the study is located In which city region is the case study located? Is a specific vulnerability to change climate change, loss of BD, etc. Are off-site effects considered? Is a model used for the quantification of ES provisioning? Is a model used for the quantification of ES demand? Are synergies considered?

Food, raw materials, fresh water, medicinal resources, local climate and air quality regulation, carbon sequestration and storage, moderation of extreme events, waste water treatment, erosion prevention and maintenance of soil fertility, pollination, biological pest control, habitat for species, maintenance of genetic diversity, biodiversity, recreational and mental and physical health, tourism, esthetic appreciation and inspiration for culture, art and design, spiritual experience and sense of place, other, not applicable Which indicator s are used?

Indicator and unit e. Potential, demand and provision, demand, not applicable What scale is used? City region, city, neighborhood, site, not applicable Which SPUs is the paper dealing with? One time step, time series analysis, not applicable What is the relation between demand and provisioning? What type of model is used for the quantification of ES demand? Bio-physical, GIS-based, statistical, qualitative, causal loop, look-up table, willingness-to-pay, survey, interview, conjoint analysis, prize, trading, REDD, risk assessment, empirical, other, not applicable Are trade-offs considered?

Tool, toolkit, monoservice, multi-service, test phase, plan, strategy, communication, awareness, no, not applicable. Open in a separate window. Discussion The Temporal Dimension: Dynamics of UES An analysis of the relationships between processes of urbanisation, including impact assessments of plans or projects, and the flow of ES is essential to support informed decision making. The Facts: Indicators for UES Assessment Understanding the factors influencing UESs requires the use of linked or bundled indicators that track driving social—ecological forces as well as pressures on ecosystems.

Two Sides of a Coin: Demand and Provisioning of Urban Ecosystem Services Ecosystems deliver several services at the same time, potentially create synergies and trade-offs among UES and between these services and other factors. The Economic Dimension: Monetary and Non-monetary Valuation The pluralism of values with respect to UESs has been highlighted from both theoretical and empirical perspectives Chiesura ; Hubacek and Kronenberg The Participatory Dimension: Stakeholder Involvement Stakeholder involvement is generally recognized as being a fundamental element of the ES research agenda De Groot et al.

Integration of UES Synergies and Trade-offs Ecosystems deliver multiple services and can involve trade-offs that increase the provisioning of one service while reducing the provisioning of another. Conclusion This review shows that studies dealing with the temporal and spatial dynamics of UESs are still rare despite their importance for urban planning. Process Understanding, Especially the Temporal Scales The parallel investigation of different UESs, their trade-offs and synergies, requires understanding of the processes in the system under study.

The Usage of Multi-criteria Assessment as a Tool Many methods and models exist that can be used to integrate trade-off evaluations of ES. Involving Stakeholders and Society with Different Viewpoints An integrative view of UESs might also be fostered by involving stakeholders with different perspectives. Emphasizing the Concept of Ecosystem Disservices in an Urban Context Although this review did not address disservices, and disservices were rarely addressed in the examined papers, understanding this topic could enrich our understanding of UESs and quality of life.

Emphasizing Spatially Explicit Approaches to UES Assessment and Valuation Due to the well-known social and ecological heterogeneity in cities, spatially explicit UES valuation at a relatively high resolution will be critical for incorporating UES values into urban policy, planning, and management so that decisions, policies, and plans can be prioritized at the neighborhood or lot scale.

Erik Andersson is an ecologist working at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm, Sweden, on ecosystem services and green infrastructure. Martina Artmann is a geographer and urban ecologist working on land management and urban systems at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Austria. Rieke Hansen is a planner working on urban land and green infrastructure planning and management at the Technical University of Munich, Germany. Emily Lorance Rall is a research scholar working on urban systems, green infrastructure, and cultural ecosystem services at the Technical University of Munich, Germany.

Stephan Pauleit is an urban planner and urban ecologist working on urban land and green infrastructure planning and management at the Technical University of Munich, Germany. Nina Schwarz is an environmental scientist working on urban form issues, the urban heat island, and energy provision in cities at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research — UFZ in Leipzig, Germany.

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Annette Voigt is a geographer and urban ecologist working on land management and urban systems at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Austria. Daniel Wurster is a geographer and urban ecologist working on land management and urban systems at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Austria.

Thomas Elmqvist is an urban ecologist working at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm, Sweden, on urban resilience and sustainability. Contributor Information Dagmar Haase, Email: ed. A community-based urban forest inventory using online mapping services and consumer-grade digital images. Modeling the urban ecosystem: a conceptual framework. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. Valuing scenic amenity using life satisfaction data. Ecological Economics. Measuring social—ecological dynamics behind the generation of ecosystem services. Ecological Applications.

Biodiversity in urban habitat patches. The Science of the Total Environment. History and local management of a biodiversity-rich, urban cultural landscape. Ecology and Society. Social—ecological memory in urban gardens: Retaining the capacity for management of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change.

Complexity of urban ecosystem services in the context of global change. Virtual globes: serving science and society. Indicators for sustainable development: theory, method, applications. Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development; What are ecosystem services?

The need for standardized environmental accounting units: Discussion paper. Valuing urban wetlands: a review of non-market valuations studies. Society of Wetland Scientist. Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration by an urban forest. Environmental Pollution. Decision making, planning and design for the conservation of indigenous vegetation within urban development. Landscape and urban Planning. Integrated ecological, economic and social impact assessment of alternative flood control policies in the Netherlands.

Monitoring change in biodiversity through composite indices. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences. Landscape Online. Ecosystem services: Bridging ecology, economy and social sciences. Ecological Complexity. Kroll, S. Nedkov, and F. Mapping ecosystem service supply, demand and budgets. Ecological Indicators. Beyond food production: ecosystem services provided by home gardens.

Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Scenarios for ecosystem services: An overview. Science for managing ecosystem services: Beyond the millennium ecosystem assessment. Rethinking ecosystem services to better address and navigate cultural values. Consequences of changing biodiversity. An ecological perspective on the valuation of ecosystem services.

Biological Conservation. The role of urban parks for the sustainable city. Bird abundance and diversity along an urban-rural gradient: A comparative study between two cities on different continents. The Condor. Incorporating green-area user groups in urban ecosystem management.

How Green Is the City?: Sustainability Assessment and the Management of Urban Environments

Where does community grow? Environment and Behavior. Landscape structure indices for assessing urban ecological networks. Landscape and Urban Planning. A new vision for New Orleans and the Mississippi Delta: Applying ecological economics and ecological engineering. Ecological Engineering. An operational model for mainstreaming ecosystem services for implementation. Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Muhar, A. Arnberger, O.

Aznar, J. Boyd, K. Chan, R. Costanza, et al. Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda. A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Special issue: The dynamics and value of ecosystem services: integrating economic and ecological perspectives. Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making.

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    Spatial heterogeneity and air pollution removal by an urban forest. Journal of Environmental Management. Urban forests and pollution mitigation: Analyzing ecosystem services and disservices. Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making. Quenching urban thirst: Growing cities and their impacts on freshwater ecosystems.

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    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.

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    An empirical review of cultural ecosystem services indicators. Connecting the ecological-economic dots in human-dominated watersheds: Models to link socio-economic activities on the landscape to stream ecosystem health. Synthesizing different perspectives on the value of urban ecosystem services. The consequences of urban land transformation on net primary productivity in the United States. Remote Sensing of Environment. Quantifying biodiversity for building resilience for food security in urban landscapes: Getting down to business.

    Assessing the ecosystem service of air pollutant removal by urban trees in Guangzhou China Journal of Environmental Management. Ecosystem services and valuation of urban forests in China. Carbon storage and flux in urban residential greenspace. Recreation terrain suitability mapping: a spatially explicit methodology for determining recreation potential for resource use assessment. Managing ecosystem services: what do we need to know about their ecology?

    Ecology Letters. Change in ecosystem service values in the San Antonio area, Texas. Rural—urban gradient analysis of ecosystem services supply and demand dynamics. Land Use Policy. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Comprehensive concept planning of urban greening based on ecological principles: a case study in Beijing, China. Children living in areas with more street trees have lower prevalence of asthma.

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    Environmental change, climate and population health: a challenge for inter-disciplinary research. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. Accounting for benefits and costs of urban greenspace. Journal of Arboriculture. Energy conservation potential of urban tree planting. Potential energy savings in buildings by an urban tree planting programme. Nowak, and R. Quantifying urban forest structure, function, and value: the Chicago urban forest climate project. Urban Ecosystems. Gregory, J. Simpson, and R.

    Chapter 3. The Eco-City Approach to Sustainable Development in Urban Areas

    Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry: Guidelines for professional and volunteer tree planters. McPherson, E. Simpson, P. Peper, Q. Xiao, S. Maco, and P. Northern Mountain and Prairie community tree guide: Benefits, costs and strategic planting. Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: An observational population study. How to select the best tree planting locations to enhance air pollution removal in the MillionTreesNYC initiative. Ecosystem services at the landscape scale: the Need for integrative approaches.

    Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Mar 27, Chris rated it liked it. I read this for a seminar class in Urban Political Ecology. It is a collection of papers on sustainability assessment metrics and tools. After 15 years, I imagine it could use an update but, as it stands, it contains a number of interesting papers, if at times a bit dry and academic. Useful for the student of sustainability. Purwito marked it as to-read Mar 19, Erik Porse added it Feb 25, Kristen marked it as to-read Feb 26, Andy Caffrey marked it as to-read Oct 12, Sean Meriwether marked it as to-read Jan 23, Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.

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